4. Important Works in the Shafi’I School
The books of the school are of different types, but most works of the school fall into one of the four categories: primers (mutun), commentaries (shuruh), glosses upon commentaries (hawashi), and works containing legal verdicts (fatawa).
The most important works used in circled of knowledge today include:
Among the primers: al-Risalat al-Jami’ah by Sayyid Ahmad bin Zayn al-Habshi, Safinat al-Naja by Sheikh Salim bin Sumayr al-Hadrami, the two mukhtasars, al-Kabir (widely referred to as al-Muqaddimat al-Hadramiyyah) and al-Saghir (al-Mukhtasar al-Latif) by Sheikh ‘Abd Allah bin ‘Abd Rahman Ba Fadl, al-Yaqut al-Nafisby Sayyid Ahmad bin ‘Umar al-Shatiri, Matn al-Ghayat wa al-Taqrib by Imam Abu Shuja’ al-Asfahani, Safwat al-Zubad by Imam Shihab al-Din Ahmad ibn Raslan,‘Umdat al-Salik by Imam ibn Naqib, al-Tanbih and al-Muhadhdhab by Imam al-Shirazi, Minhaj al-Talibin and Rawdah by Imam al-Nawawi, and al-Irshad by Ibn al-Muqri.
Among the commentaries: Nayl al-Raja’ sharh Safinat al-Naja by Ahmad bin ‘Umar al-Shatiri, Bushra al-Karim (a commentary on al-Muqaddimat al-Hadramiyyah) by Sheikh Sa’id Ba ‘Ishn, Sharh Ibn Qasim al-Ghazzi on Matn al-Ghayat wa Taqrib by Ibn Qasim al-Ghazzi, al-Iqna’ Sharh Matn Abi Shuja’ by al-Khatib al-Shirbini,Fath al-‘Allam bi Sharh Murshid al-Anam by ‘Abd Allah al-Jurdani, Fath al-Wahhab bi Sharh Manhaj al-Tullab by Sheikh al-Islam Zakariyya al-Ansari, Fath al-Mu’in bi Sharh Qurrat al-Ayn by Zayn al-Din al-Malibari, and the four commentaries upon al-Nawawi’s Minhaj al-Talibin: Kanz al-Raghibin by Jalal al-Din al-Mahalli,Mughni al-Muhtaj by al-Khatib al-Shirbini, Nihayat al-Muhtaj by Shams al-Din al-Ramli, and Tuhfat al-Muhtaj by Ibn Hajar al-Haytami.
Among the glosses upon commentaries: Hashiyat al-Bajuri ‘ala Sharh ibn Qasim al-Ghazzi by Ibrahim al-Bajuri, Hashiyah I’anat al-Talibin ‘ala Hall Alfadh Fath al-Mu’in by Bakri bin Shata, Hashiyat al-Sharqawi upon Sheikh al-Islam Zakariyya al-Ansari’s Tuhfat al-Tullab by ‘Abd Allah al-Sharqawi, al-Hawawshi al-Madaniyyahon al-Haytami’s commentary of al-Muqaddimat al-Hadramiyya by Muhammad bin Sulayman al-Kurdi, Hashiyat al-Tirmisi, also on al-Haytami’s commentary upon Ba Fadl, by Muhammad Mahfudh al-Tirmisi, Hashiyat al-Bujayrmi on Khatib’s al-Iqna by Sulayman al-Bujayrmi, the two glosses upon Fath al-Wahhab, Hashiyat al-Bujayrimi and Hashiyat al-Jamal, as well as the glosses upon the commentaries of Minhaj al-Talibin: the Hashiya of al-Sharwani and Ibn Qasim al-Abbadi uponTuhfat al-Muhtaj, the Hashiya of Qalyubi and ‘Amira upon Kanz al-Raghibin, and the Hashiya of al-Shabramilisi and al-Rashidi upon Nihayat al-Muhtaj.
Among the beneficial works containing legal verdicts: the Fatawa of Izz al-Din bin ‘Abd Salam, Fatawa al-Subki, al-Hawi lil Fatawi by al-Suyuti, al-Fatawa al-Fiqhiyyah al-Kubra by Ibn Hajar al-Haytami, Fatawa Ba Makhramah, and Bughyat al-Mustarshidin by Sayyid ‘Abd Rahman al-Mashhur.
Some of the more well-known works that deal with making takhrij of the hadith mentioned in works of fiqh include: al-Talkhis al-Habir by Ibn Hajar al-‘Asqalani,al-Badr al-Munir, and Tuhfat al-Muhtaj—both by Ibn al Mulaqqin.
Works that focus on the evidence that supports the Shafi’i school while disputing the proofs of other legal schools include: Nihayat al-Matlab fi Adillat al-Madhabby Imam al-Haramayn al-Juwayni, al-Hawi al-Kabir by al-Mawardi, al-Majmu’ bi Sharh al-Muhadhdhab by Imam al-Nawawi, Fath al-Aziz by Imam al-Rafi’i, andSharh al-Minhaj by Taq al-Subki.
Works that clarify the meaning of words found in the books of fiqh include: al-Misbah al-Munir by al-Fayyumi, Tahrir al-Tanbih and Daqa’iq al-Minhaj by Imam al-Nawawi, and al-Nadhm al-Musta’dhab fi Hall Alfadh al-Muhadhdhab by Ibn Battal al-Rakabi.
The final genre consists of works that provide biographies of the scholars of the Shafi’i school, the foremost of them being: Tabaqat al-Shafi’iyyah by Ibn ‘Asim al-‘Abbadi, Tabaqat al-Shafi’iyyah al-Kubra by al-Taj al-Subki, Tabaqat al-Shafi’iyyah by al-Isnawi, and Tabaqat al-Shafi’iyyah by ibn Qadi Shuhba. The most recent biographical work is ‘Abd Allah al-Sharqawi’s al-Tuhfat al-Bahiyyah, however, the work remains unpublished.