4. Important Works in the Shafi’I School

4.      Important Works in the Shafi’I School

The books of the school are of different types, but most works of the school fall into one of the four categories: primers (mutun), commentaries (shuruh), glosses upon commentaries (hawashi), and works containing legal verdicts (fatawa).

The most important works used in circled of knowledge today include:

Among the primers: al-Risalat al-Jami’ah by Sayyid Ahmad bin Zayn al-Habshi, Safinat al-Naja by Sheikh Salim bin Sumayr al-Hadrami, the two mukhtasarsal-Kabir (widely referred to as al-Muqaddimat al-Hadramiyyah) and al-Saghir (al-Mukhtasar al-Latif) by Sheikh ‘Abd Allah bin ‘Abd Rahman Ba Fadl, al-Yaqut al-Nafisby Sayyid Ahmad bin ‘Umar al-Shatiri, Matn al-Ghayat wa al-Taqrib by Imam Abu Shuja’ al-Asfahani, Safwat al-Zubad by Imam Shihab al-Din Ahmad ibn Raslan,‘Umdat al-Salik by Imam ibn Naqib, al-Tanbih and al-Muhadhdhab by Imam al-Shirazi, Minhaj al-Talibin and Rawdah by Imam al-Nawawi, and al-Irshad by Ibn al-Muqri.

Among the commentaries: Nayl al-Raja’ sharh Safinat al-Naja by Ahmad bin ‘Umar al-Shatiri, Bushra al-Karim (a commentary on al-Muqaddimat al-Hadramiyyah) by Sheikh Sa’id Ba ‘Ishn, Sharh Ibn Qasim al-Ghazzi on Matn al-Ghayat wa Taqrib by Ibn Qasim al-Ghazzi, al-Iqna’ Sharh Matn Abi Shuja’ by al-Khatib al-Shirbini,Fath al-‘Allam bi Sharh Murshid al-Anam by ‘Abd Allah al-Jurdani, Fath al-Wahhab bi Sharh Manhaj al-Tullab by Sheikh al-Islam Zakariyya al-Ansari, Fath al-Mu’in bi Sharh Qurrat al-Ayn by Zayn al-Din al-Malibari, and the four commentaries upon al-Nawawi’s Minhaj al-TalibinKanz al-Raghibin by Jalal al-Din al-Mahalli,Mughni al-Muhtaj by al-Khatib al-Shirbini, Nihayat al-Muhtaj by Shams al-Din al-Ramli, and Tuhfat al-Muhtaj by Ibn Hajar al-Haytami.

Among the glosses upon commentaries: Hashiyat al-Bajuri ‘ala Sharh ibn Qasim al-Ghazzi by Ibrahim al-Bajuri, Hashiyah I’anat al-Talibin ‘ala Hall Alfadh Fath al-Mu’in by Bakri bin Shata, Hashiyat al-Sharqawi upon Sheikh al-Islam Zakariyya al-Ansari’s Tuhfat al-Tullab by ‘Abd Allah al-Sharqawi, al-Hawawshi al-Madaniyyahon al-Haytami’s commentary of al-Muqaddimat al-Hadramiyya by Muhammad bin Sulayman al-Kurdi, Hashiyat al-Tirmisi, also on al-Haytami’s commentary upon Ba Fadl, by Muhammad Mahfudh al-Tirmisi, Hashiyat al-Bujayrmi on Khatib’s al-Iqna by Sulayman al-Bujayrmi, the two glosses upon Fath al-WahhabHashiyat al-Bujayrimi and Hashiyat al-Jamal, as well as the glosses upon the commentaries of Minhaj al-Talibin: the Hashiya of al-Sharwani and Ibn Qasim al-Abbadi uponTuhfat al-Muhtaj, the Hashiya of Qalyubi and ‘Amira upon Kanz al-Raghibin, and the Hashiya of al-Shabramilisi and al-Rashidi upon Nihayat al-Muhtaj.

Among the beneficial works containing legal verdicts: the Fatawa of Izz al-Din bin ‘Abd Salam, Fatawa al-Subkial-Hawi lil Fatawi by al-Suyuti, al-Fatawa al-Fiqhiyyah al-Kubra by Ibn Hajar al-Haytami, Fatawa Ba Makhramah, and Bughyat al-Mustarshidin by Sayyid ‘Abd Rahman al-Mashhur.

Some of the more well-known works that deal with making takhrij of the hadith mentioned in works of fiqh include: al-Talkhis al-Habir by Ibn Hajar al-‘Asqalani,al-Badr al-Munir, and Tuhfat al-Muhtaj—both by Ibn al Mulaqqin.

Works that focus on the evidence that supports the Shafi’i school while disputing the proofs of other legal schools include: Nihayat al-Matlab fi Adillat al-Madhabby Imam al-Haramayn al-Juwayni, al-Hawi al-Kabir by al-Mawardi, al-Majmu’ bi Sharh al-Muhadhdhab by Imam al-Nawawi, Fath al-Aziz by Imam al-Rafi’i, andSharh al-Minhaj by Taq al-Subki.

Works that clarify the meaning of words found in the books of fiqh include: al-Misbah al-Munir by al-Fayyumi, Tahrir al-Tanbih and Daqa’iq al-Minhaj by Imam al-Nawawi, and al-Nadhm al-Musta’dhab fi Hall Alfadh al-Muhadhdhab by Ibn Battal al-Rakabi.

The final genre consists of works that provide biographies of the scholars of the Shafi’i school, the foremost of them being: Tabaqat al-Shafi’iyyah by Ibn ‘Asim al-‘Abbadi, Tabaqat al-Shafi’iyyah al-Kubra by al-Taj al-Subki, Tabaqat al-Shafi’iyyah by al-Isnawi, and Tabaqat al-Shafi’iyyah by ibn Qadi Shuhba. The most recent biographical work is ‘Abd Allah al-Sharqawi’s al-Tuhfat al-Bahiyyah, however, the work remains unpublished.