Note 7.14.2013

Note 7.14.2013

 

We have finished reading the chapter on fasting and we have essentially taken 90%

 

I’tikaaf (Seclusion)

 

This does not really have relation to fasting except that is recommended to do it during Ramadhaan. This chapter has many rules and we will just focus on that which is most important for us.

 

Description: Linguistically, it means to persist in something. Legally, it is to remain in an area or place with a particular intention.

 

It is recommended to have seclusion for the last ten days of Ramadhaan.

 

Rulings

It will be obligatory if you make a vow to do it. Making a vow to do any recommended act means that it becomes obligatory for you. As our teachers tell us, the benefit of this is that whenever we enter a masjid we should make a vow to make seclusion. This would then give the seclusion a reward of an obligatory act. The intention would be “I vow to make seclusion as long as I remain in it.” In the Shafi madhab, it is valid to do seclusion even for a moment. One must utter vow out loud.

 

The default ruling of seclusion is that it is is recommended. It is emphatically recommended to perform it during last ten days of Ramadhan.

 

It will be disliked for the women, who is of goodly in appearance, such that it will causes temptation for others, to go for seclusion.

 

It is not permissible for a woman to perform  i’tikaaf without the permission of her husband, however, it is valid. As for a women in menstruation, it is sinful and invalid. Unmarried women do not require anyone’s permission; the wali for a woman only enters in respect for marriage. Otherwise, women do not require anyone’s permission to leave or anything like that. Whereas, the the wife requires the permission of the husband for leaving, for fasting, etc. It is the right of the husband for her to be at home, but that is not right of the wali or anyone else in respect to the single women.

 

Shurut

 

  1. Intention

  2. It must take place in a masjid. A prayer merely for prayer does not suffice. Nor does a place of religious studies such as a madrassah. It must be in a masjid. That is, the land has been endowed to Allah to be masjid until the end of time. The masjid must also have a dedicated Imam who is paid and leads the prayer and must prays five times a day.

  3. Staying in the masjid longer that a single moment. It is not valid for someone who is just passing through the masjid by entering from one door and exiting from another door.

  4. Purity from menstruation and post-natal bleeding.

  5. Sanity

  6. Islam

 

Recommended Acts During Seclusion (they are many):

 

  1. Being a masjid where they prayer the Friday prayer.

  2. Being a complete day. This is a condition for other madhabs.

  3. Be fasting while in seclusion.

  4. Focusing on thikr and seeking knowledge

  5. To make a vow for doing seclusion upon entering into seclusion such that one is rewarded higher for that seclusion.

 

Invalidators of Seclusion

  1. Insanity and unconsciousness

  2. Sinful Drunkenness

  3. Menstruation

  4. Apostasy

  5. Committing an act that invalidates the fast

  6. Exiting from the masjid without a religious reason; if you do this, then you will need to renew your intention for seclusion.

We will now move to zakat al–fitr which is also relevant for the end of Ramadhan.

 

Questions

 

1. Can we make a vow for any sunna act? Yes. You can make it for any prayers, fasting, hajj, etc. Then the reward will be just like an obligatory act.