Class Notes 8.26.2013
Continuation of the chapter on water
Intention of scooping – This is only an issue when dipping your hands into a bucket to withdraw water. If you have performed one washing of the face and put your hands in the water to withdraw water second time and you do not make the intention of scooping water, then the water becomes used. This is because the water will be considered having purified your hands as this what comes next in the ablution. This would mean you could not use the remaining water in the bucket for ablution assuming the quantity is considered small. However, there are some scholars that do not require this intention. However, as most water these days come from faucets, this is not regularly practical.
If something filthy is added to the water causing it to change, then it is considered filthy water. Changes that happen to a water due to where the water runs like leaves falling in the water in a stream do not harm and can still be used for the purpose of purification. The water can be used even if the change is significant to the extent that it would not be called water because this is unavoidable. Water that is changed by something pure would make the water unusable for purification but still considered pure. It would be considered not usable if you could no longer call it water. If the change is little such that it would still be called water, then it can be used.
Filth Contacting Water
If is a small amount of water, it becomes impure merely by contacting it. Small amount of water is less than approximately 217 liters; some said 225 liters. The exact measurement is differed so the measurement is approximate. If the volume is considered a large amount of water, then filth merely coming in contact with it does not harm. Large amount of water is only considered filthy if it changes form the contacting of filth.
Excused Filth in Water
That which the eye cannot perceive with the eye. for example, a fily landing on filth and then landing in the water, this would be excused. Small living creatures that do not have flowing blood and fall in water do not render the water filthy as long the water does not change and is not done intentionally.
Filthy Water Becoming Pure
If it is a large amount of water, it becomes pure if the filthy quality/change is not longer apparent.
You can take a small amount of filthy water and combine it with other water to reach a large amount of water. As long as the combined water does not have any qualities of the filth, it would now be considered pure.
For water that is running and is considered a small amount of water in the place it is running would be considered filth if there is something filthy in its path. THen when it reaches the end of the stream where the volume is large and there remains no trace of filth in the water would be pure.