Class Notes 8.25.2013
Chapter of Purity
The legal definition is lifting ritual impurity and removing filth or that which is in its meaning or in a similar form.
Examples of lifting ritual impurity are ablution and ritual bath.
Examples of removing filth is like cleaning clothes of filth like urine.
That which is in its meaning like dry ablution or making ablution when it really does not lift the ritual impurity like someone who is tried with urinary incontinence. That person’s ablution does not really lift the ritual impurity.
That which comes in its form is doing recommended ablution or recommended baths. These do not actually lift ritual impurity as these are done in a state while one is ritually pure. Also, it is recommended when removing impurity to wash that spot three times even though the second and third washing do not actually clean that spot. This is also in its form.
Four forms of purification: ablution, ritual bath, dry ablution, or removing physical impurity.
Things used to purify are: water, earth, tanning, and materials used to clean after relieving oneself.
Chapter of Water
Here the Sh touched upon a principle of aqeedah relating to connection of cause and effect and how the effect is all created by Allah.
Water from the sky comes in the form of rain, snow, and hail.
Water on the earth comes in the form lakes, wells, springs, or streams.
Legal Types of Water
Purifying water is that which is pure and can purify other things. It is also known pure water. This is water that does not require attachment of an adjective to accurately describe it.
Water which is disliked to use
Water heated by water. This is water that is in a container exposed to the sun discussed below. Water in areas that are deserving Allah’s anger.
Conditions for being considered water heated by sun is that the heat has an effect on the water, use it during the time it was affected by water, used by the living, and finagling being in a container made from particular metals, be in a very hot land such as Tarim, there being other waters available,
The reason for this being disliked is from the point of medicine not from the standpoint of the shariah. If medicine does not establish that a particular water will not have that effect, then it is not disliked to use that water. Imam Nawawi did not consider it disliked.
Second type of water is pure but can not purify other things. This is water that has been used for another purification purpose such as ablution. It had to have been used for an obligatory purification. It only becomes used once it separates from the limb you are using that water on.
If you are using a bucket of water to make ablution out of, then when dipping your hands to withdraw water for purification, you could render that water in that bucket used water unless you intend at the time of entering the water intention of cupping water.