Class Notes 7.9.2013
Shaikh began with saying that he was able to hold this extra class as today is the 30th of Shabaan. Even though the moon was born last night by calculations, the new moon was not sighted. So, they will complete 30 days of Shabaan. The moon can only be sighted for a short period of time after maghrib until Isha’. If it not seen by then, then it will not be seen.
Review of Last Class on Invalidators
Openings that communicate with the inner body include everything except the eyes which is what is classically mentioned. He also reviewed the rulings regarding injections.
Ruling of Phlegm
If it descends from the nose into the throat and reaches the outer part of the mouth and then one swallows it, this invalidates the fast. If it descends but reaches the more deep part and you swallow it, then it does not break the fast. The limit between inner and the outer is the place of exit of sound (makhraj) of the “kha.” If it reaches the place where the “kha” exits you must expel it and not swallow it.
Ruling of Saliva
It does not invalidate as long as it fulfills the following.
It does not invalidate as long as it is not mixed with anything. If it is, then it would invalidate.
Being pure and not filthy with najasa such as blood.
Not swallow any saliva that exited the mouth such as that which reaches the lips. If one licked the saliva off the lips and then swallowed it, this would invalidate the fast.
Ruling of Water Entering While Bathing
If the bath is obligatory or recommended, it does not invalidate if water enters through the mouth or any other opening as long as one does not take a bath by completely dunking oneself in water. This is as long as one does not intend the water to reach inside the body. As for a bath that is not recommended or obligatory, any water reaching even by mistake will invalidate. Thus, one should take care when taking baths for cleaning or cooling off.
If one is making ablution and during the rising of the mouth and nose, one should take care to not be excessive. If one is excessive, water entering will invalidate. Otherwise, if one is lightly doing these during ablution and water enters then it is excused. Outside of ablution, any rinsing that leads to water reaching inside would invalidate.
Next invalidator is seeking ejaculation
This invalidates even if it does by the hand of one’s spouse. Seeking to ejaculate no matter the means whether through thinking or reading something would invalidate the fast. Another would be someone does not want the exit of ejaculation but is being intimate with his spouse without any barrier and mistakenly ejaculates, this invalidates the fast. The exceptions are two.
If one ejaculates without seeking it.
The other is if one is being intimate with one’s spouse but with a barrier. If one ejaculates in this case without seeking it, the fast is not invalidated.
However, being intimate with one’s spouse even with a barrier is not allowed. Though even if in this case one ejaculates without seeking ejaculation, fast remains valid.
It is not allowed if it will cause desire. Otherwise, it is khilaf al-awla. If one swallows one’s spouse’s saliva, this invalidates the fast.
Inducing oneself to vomit invalidates the fast.
Otherwise vomiting does not invalidate. Vomit is filth. This would make one’s mouth dirty requiring one to rinse and gargle to clean one’s mouth. If water is swallowed during this, it would not invalidate the fast as this cleaning is required and can not be avoided.
What Breaking Fast Necessitates
Obligates both repeating fast and recompense (kaffarah). Example is that breaking the fast for fear of harming someone else such as the pregnant women who fears for her fetus. She will need to make up the fast and giving a handful of food which equals 750 g in weight. This must be done for each day. However, if she fears on both herself and her fetus or even just herself, then only repeating the fast is needed. When giving the recompense, one must give the actual amount of food rather than its value in money.
Delaying making fasts until the next Ramadhaan means you need to pay the recompense for each day.
Case when you must repeat but not have to pay a recompense is all cases of the fast being broken except breaking one’s fast with intercourse.
Case when you must pay a recompense but not make up the fast is the old person or the sick person who do not have the ability to fast.
Final case is when the fast is broken but nothing is required is the case when insanity strikes one and it was not purposeful
One can give the value in money for the recompense according to the Hanafi Madhab.
As ones who follow madhabs, we should not ask for the proof of these rulings.
The recompose can be rice or corn or whatever is commonly eaten in one’s area. It does not need to be cooked. However, if it is better for the needy, one can take the Hanafi opinion and give the money equivalent.
With respect to injections, why is there a difference between the injections being in the muscle versus in the vein. The reason is that vein is a common means to feed the sick and is thus considered an opening which invalidates.
The book we are studying is the summary of lessons of Habib Zain which is taken from many books.
It is best to stop eating 15 minutes before the start of fajr.
It is valid to look in a mushaf while praying. Many do this where the Shaykh lives.
Witr in the first half of Ramadhan is better by one’s self and in the second half it is better to pray it with the congregation. However, if one is waking to pray night vigil prayer then one should delay it until after one has prayed the night vigil prayer.
For ejacualtion for women, the ejacualte has to show in order for it to invalidate the fast.